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Last updated : Jun 29, 2020 10:17 IST

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  • Arunachal Pradesh to provide 100 percent tap connections in the State by 2023 March

    2 hours ago
    Arunachal Pradesh state government is to implement Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) in the State. The mission aims to improve the lives of rural people by providing safe drinking water to every rural household through household tap connections.

    Highlights:
    ♦ Arunachal Pradesh aims to provide 100% Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTCs) to all the households of the State by March 2023. 
    ♦ Government of India has allocated Rs.255 crore for the State under JJM in 2020-21. The state will be given additional funds in the form of performance grants based on their achievement in terms of tangible outputs, that is the household tap connections and commensurate financial progress. 
    ♦ As per the state's official data, 2.18 lakh total rural households, 37,000 households have been already provided with tap connections. 
    ♦ The State is planning to provide 77,000 tap connections in 2020-21. 
    ♦ The state government is to focus on retrofitting and augmentation of piped water supply schemes already existing in the villages/ habitations so that the remaining household could be provided with tap connections easily in the least possible time in campaign mode. 
  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 29 June 2020

    3 hours ago
    Top Current Affairs of the day: 29 June 2020. Instantly obtain Latest Current Affairs with all essential info, Be the first to know all the Today Current affairs 13 June 2020 top news, Major Issues, Current News, Important events in National Current News as well as International level with clear explanation. For all competitive exams and Interviews, equip yourself with the Latest Current Affairs 29 June 2020 granted here.
  • National Statistics Day is observed on 29 June

    3 hours ago
    National Statistics Day is celebrated on 29 June every year. The day is to commemorate the birth anniversary of Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis. The day aims to create awareness among youth about the role of statistics in socio-economic planning and policy formulation. On this day, the nation pays homage to Professor Mahalanobis. Its main aim of the day is to popularize the use of Statistics in everyday life 

    History:
    The National Statistics Day was first celebrated on 29th June 2007. Indian Government decided to celebrate and honour the outstanding contribution made by Late Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in the field of economic planning and statistical development. Hence, GoI declared the observation of ‘National Statistics Day’ on the birth anniversary of Late Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis.

    Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis:
    Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis is known as the father of Indian Statistics. He was born on 29 June 1893. He was an Indian statistician and scientist. He was a pioneer in anthropometry studies and in pilot surveys. He served as a member of the planning commission from 1956-61. He gave two-sector Input-output model for the Second Five Year Plan which later became known as the Nehru-Mahalanobis model.

    In December 1931, he established Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) in Kolkata. He was honoured with Padma Vibhushan in 1968, Weldon Memorial Prize from the University of Oxford in 1944, Fellow of the Royal Society, London  in 1945.
    Category: Important Days

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  • Russia announces to take first tourist on space walk in 2023 yr

    2 days ago
    Russia's Energia space corporation has announced that it is to take the first tourist on a spacewalk in 2023, under the terms of a new contract with a US partner. Energia has signed a contract with Space Adventures. Under this, two space tourists to the International Space Station (ISS).

    Highlights:
    ♦ Energia announced after NASA signed a deal with Richard Branson's Virgin Galactic space tourism company. The deal is to promote private missions to the station after a special training program in the US.
    ♦ The programme is introduced after the first successful mission by Elon Musk's SpaceX in the month of May 2020 to bring astronauts to the station on a reusable Crew Dragon spacecraft. This has ended nearly a decade of Russia holding a monopoly on shuttling humans to orbit. 
    ♦ SpaceX in March announced its own space tourism trip for three people in the year 2020, on board of the Crew Dragon.
    ♦ SpaceX together with the Russian agency previously took 8 tourists to the ISS between 2001 and 2009.
  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 27 June 2020

    2 days ago
    Top Current Affairs of the day: 27 June 2020. Instantly obtain Latest Current Affairs with all essential info, Be the first to know all the Today Current affairs 13 June 2020 top news, Major Issues, Current News, Important events in National Current News as well as International level with clear explanation. For all competitive exams and Interviews, equip yourself with the Latest Current Affairs 27 June 2020 granted here.
  • Top Current Affairs Quiz Questions: 27 June 2020

    2 days ago
    27 June 2020: Current Affairs quiz Questions & Answers to enhance your General Awareness. Practice with our esteemed Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions which covers all important events across India as well as World. Make use of all important Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions with answers updated here, at free of cost to succeed in all competitive Exams and Interviews.
  • Tripura launched Mukhyamantri Matru Pushti Uphaar scheme

    2 days ago
    Tripura State government announced the Mukhyamantri Matru Pushti Uphaar scheme. The scheme aims to provide nutrition kits to pregnant and lactating women. The scheme is expected to benefit 40,000 women from the state. The initiative was launched as many pregnant women and infants in the state suffer from malnutrition.

    Mukhyamantri Matru Pushti Uphaar scheme:
    ♦ Under the scheme, nutrition kits will be provided to the pregnant & lactating women. Each kits cost around Rs.500.
    ♦ Each kit will have food items and grocery supplies, such as peanuts, soya beans, mixed pulses, jaggery, and ghee. 
    ♦ The state government has estimated to incur an expenditure of Rs.8 crore every year for the initiative.
    ♦ Under this initiative, the pregnant women will be tested four times at a nearby Primary Health Centers (PHC). After the check-up, the beneficiaries will be given a nutrition kit after each test.
    ♦ The scheme will be in addition to the Pradhan Mantri Matru Bandana Yojana. 
    ♦ Previously, the state had allocated Rs.5,000 each under the Matru Bandana Yojana to 58,996 beneficiaries.
    Category: Schemes
  • Vini Mahajan becomes the first Woman Chief Secretary of Punjab

    2 days ago
    Senior IAS officer Vini Mahajan assumed charge as Punjab’s first woman chief secretary on 26 June 2020. She replaced Karan Avtar Singh. She has become the first Woman Chief Secretary of Punjab.

    Vini Mahajan:
    Vini Mahajan is a 1987-batch IAS officer. Mahajan is the wife of the state’s director-general of police (DGP) Dinkar Gupta. Vini Mahajan will hold the additional charge of principal secretary, personnel, and vigilance.
    Mahajan is an Economics graduate from Lady Shri Ram College, Delhi University. She did her post-graduation from the Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta.

    Karan Avtar Singh:
    Karan Avtar Singh is a 1984-batch IAS officer. He was shunted out of the top bureaucratic position two months before his superannuation, which was due on 31 August 2020. Singh is tipped to be the first chairman of the Punjab Water Regulatory Authority set up by the Punjab state government.
  • DST launches Logo for the celebration of Golden Jubilee Commemoration Year

    2 days ago
    Secretary Department of Science and Technology (DST) Prof Ashutosh Sharma launched the official Logo for the Golden Jubilee Commemoration Year celebration. DST under the Ministry of Science & Technology has announced many activities like special lecture series of 15-20 lectures in the form of webinars and short feature films on each Autonomous Institutions for the year.

    Highlights:
    ♦ DST has been directed to use AI to the newly launched 50 Year logo by representing it on banners in conferences held in the institutes. 
    ♦ The institutions will co-brand the lecture series with the DST logo to create greater awareness about 50 years of existence of DST.
    ♦ Institutes with facilities like museums will make a digital walkthrough or virtual tour that gives a realistic version of the work. 
    ♦ DST will hold lecture series, bringing out publications, documentaries, updating Wikipedia pages of Survey of India, and Autonomous Institutions under DST and events by DST autonomous organizations in India.

    DST:
    Department of Science & Technology was established on 3 May 1971. DST functions under the Ministry of Science and Technology in India. DST observes Golden Jubilee Commemoration Year during the period 3rd May 2020 to 2nd May 2021 with activities. The organization aims to promote new areas of Science & Technology. It is the nodal department to organize, coordinate, and promote Scientific and Technological activities in India. DST also provides funds to various approved scientific projects in India. It supports researchers in India to attend conferences abroad and to go for experimental works.
    Category: Indian Affairs
  • WHO-led coalition ACT-Accelerator needs USD 31.3 billion to fight against COVID-19 pandemic

    2 days ago
    The World Health Organization (WHO)-led coalition ACT-Accelerator announced that it needs $31.3 billion over the next 12 months to fight the CVOVID-19 and to develop and roll out tests, treatments and vaccines. 

    Highlights:
    ♦ As per the report, $3.4 billion had been collected of which $13.7 billion was urgently needed. It leaves the organization with a funding gap of $27.9 billion.
    ♦ ACT initiative aims to scale up delivery of 500 million tests and 245 million courses of treatments to low- and middle-income countries by mid-2021.
    ♦ It also aims to deliver 2 billion vaccine doses, including one billion to be bought by low- and middle-income countries, by the end of 2021.
    ♦ WHO is currently working with a large coalition of drug-development, funding, and distribution organizations under the ACT-Accelerator Hub.
    ♦ ACT-Accelerator initiative updated that the WHO and global health groups stated that the COVID-19 pandemic still threatens millions of lives and scores of economies.
    ♦ WHO stated that the investment required is significant, but it pales in significance when compared to the cost of COVID-19. 
    ♦ The total cost of the ACT-Accelerator's work is less than a tenth of the IMF estimate of the global economy is losing every month due to the covid-19 pandemic.

    ACT-Accelerator:
    The coalition is known as Access to COVID-19 Tools (ACT)-Accelerator initiative. The ACT-Accelerator was launched in April 2020. Under WHO's global initiative, many public and private organizations are involved in drug-development to funding and distribution to tackle the coronavirus pandemic.
    Category: International
  • Indian Navy inducted indigenously developed Torpedo Decoy System

    3 days ago
    Indian Navy (IN) has inducted indigenously developed Torpedo Decoy System on 26 June 2020. The Advanced Torpedo Decoy System Maareech was designed and developed DRDO labs, Naval Science & Technological Laboratory (NSTL), and Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL).

    Torpedo Decoy System:
    ♦ Anti-Submarine Warfare capability of the Indian Navy has received a major boost with the conclusion of a contract for Advanced Torpedo Decoy System Maareech capable of being fired from all frontline warships. 
    ♦ Bharat Electronics Limited, a Defence PSU, will undertake the production of this decoy system. 
    ♦ The prototype of the system was installed onboard and a nominated naval platform had successfully completed all user evaluation trials and demonstrated the features as per the Naval Staff Qualification Requirements.
    ♦ The induction is the joint resolution of the Indian Navy and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) towards the indigenous development of Defence technology.
    ♦ This has given a major fillip to the Government's 'Make in India' initiative and the country's resolve to become 'Atmanirbhar' in niche technology.
  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 26 June 2020

    3 days ago
    Top Current Affairs of the day: 26 June 2020. Instantly obtain Latest Current Affairs with all essential info, Be the first to know all the Today Current affairs 13 June 2020 top news, Major Issues, Current News, Important events in National Current News as well as International level with clear explanation. For all competitive exams and Interviews, equip yourself with the Latest Current Affairs 26 June 2020 granted here.
  • Top Current Affairs Quiz Questions: 26 June 2020

    3 days ago
    26 June 2020: Current Affairs quiz Questions & Answers to enhance your General Awareness. Practice with our esteemed Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions which covers all important events across India as well as World. Make use of all important Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions with answers updated here, at free of cost to succeed in all competitive Exams and Interviews.
  • Dharmendra Pradhan inaugurated Battery Swapping Facility Quick Interchange Service in Chandigarh

    3 days ago
    Battery Swapping Facility Quick Interchange Service (QIS) was inaugurated at Chandigarh jointly by V P Singh Badnore, Governor of Punjab-cum-Administrator, UT, Chandigarh, alongwith the Union Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas & Steel Shri Dharmendra Pradhan.

    Highlights:
    ♦ Battery swapping technology will offer the best alternative to slow charging. 
    ♦ The facility will help the drivers to make optimum use of the operational hours. 
    ♦ The battery swapping model is initially targeted at the commercial segment, that is, electric autos, rickshaws, and electric 2W also and the electric vehicle (EV) which is either factory fitted or retrofitted. 
    ♦ Indian Oil has signed a non- binding Strategic cooperation document with M/s Sun Mobility to explore setting up of Energy infrastructure for EV through the Battery Swapping model across Indian Oil Retail outlets in select cities. 
    ♦ Indian Oil will run a Pilot and offering Smart Mobility Proprietary Solutions (SMPLs) to support and service vehicles comprising of e-rickshaws, e-karts, and e-bikes, and e-auto rickshaws up to 20 to 25 quick interchange stations in select cities across India.
    ♦ The QIS will play a pivotal role in providing an alternative energy solution to the 3-wheeler segment and boosting India’s economic growth. 
    ♦ The initiative might bring a reform in the energy sector moving towards carbon-neutral culture.
    Category: Indian Affairs
  • NCPOR warns about the decline in the Arctic sea ice

    3 days ago
    The National Centre of Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) has warned about the decline in the Arctic sea ice. The dramatic decline in the Arctic sea ice is due to global warming. The loss of sea ice led to a localized increase in evaporation, air humidity, cloud cover, and rainfall. 

    Highlights:
    ♦ It is well known that Arctic sea ice is a sensitive indicator of climate change and has strong retaliatory effects on other components of the climate system.
    ♦ NCPOR observed that the largest decline in Arctic sea ice in the past 41 years happened in July 2019. 
    ♦ It stated that, in the last 40 years (1979-2018), the sea ice has been declining at a rate of -4.7% per decade, while its rate was found to be -13% in July 2019. 
    ♦ It warned that, if this trend continues, there would be no ice left in the Arctic sea by 2050, which would be dangerous for humanity and the entire environment.
    ♦ The study also stated that the decline of the Arctic sea ice area and the increase in the duration of summer and autumn seasons have affected the local climate & weather over the Arctic Ocean and its marginal seas.
    ♦ The report also highlighted that the loss of sea-ice at this rate will have a catastrophic impact due to rising global air temperature and slowing down of global ocean water circulation.
    Category: Environment
  • KVIC launched Sandalwood and Bamboo plantation to stir up monetization of its assets

    3 days ago
    Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) launched Sandalwood and Bamboo plantation to spur monetization of its assets. The first of its kind initiative began with a drive with plantation of 500 saplings each of sandalwood and bamboo at its Nashik training center spread over 262 acres of land. The plantation ceremony was launched through video-conference by KVIC Chairman Vinai Kumar Saxena.

    Highlights:
    ♦ KVIC has procured sandalwood saplings from Fragrance and Flavour Development Centre (FFDC) Kannauj, Uttar Pradesh, and Bamboo saplings from Assam. 
    ♦ The plantation of the Sandalwood was aimed to create an asset for the KVIC.
    ♦ It has been estimated to fetch between Rs.50 crore to Rs.60 crore in the next 10 to 15 years. 
    ♦ A sandalwood tree matures in 10-15 years and as per the current rate, sells at Rs.10 lakh to Rs.12 lakh each.
    ♦ Sandalwood trees have high potential in the export market. Sandalwood and its oil have high demand in many countries like China, Japan, Taiwan, Australia, and the US. This will create a great opportunity for India to increase sandalwood plantation and occupy the position of a global leader in sandalwood production.
    ♦ Also, a special variety of bamboo, Bambusa Tulda, was brought from Assam and planted in Maharashtra. This kind of bamboo is used for making Agarbatti sticks. The aim is to support the local Agarbatti industry and to create regular income for the training center.
    Category: Indian Affairs
  • NITI Aayog launched Behaviour Change Campaign Navigating the New Normal and Website

    3 days ago
    NITI Aayog, in partnership with Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), Centre for Social and Behavioural Change (CSBC), Ashoka University, and the Ministries of Health and Ministry of Women and Child Development launched a behaviour change campaign called ‘Navigating the New Normal’, and its website on 25 June. Around 92,000 Non-Governmental Organisation (NGOs) and civil society organizations (CSOs) working with NITI Aayog participated in the virtual launch via a webcast.

    Highlights:
    ♦ The campaign focuses on COVID-19-safe behaviours, especially wearing masks, during the ‘Unlock’ phase of the ongoing pandemic.
    ♦ The campaign & website was developed under the guidance of Empowered Group 6, constituted by the Government of India and chaired by CEO, NITI Aayog.
    ♦ The campaign has two parts. 
    1. The first is a web portal, http://www.covidthenewnormal.com/, containing resources informed by behavioural science and the use of nudge and social norms theory, related to COVID-safe behavioural norms during the ongoing Unlock phase
    2. The second is a media campaign focused on the wearing of masks.
    ♦ Empowered Group 6 & Ministry of Health nudged the citizens towards desired social behaviour.
    ♦ The effort aims to provide people with prompts and reminders along with simple, easy-to-practice ideas of designing their environment in such a manner that practising these behaviours become easy.
    Category: Indian Affairs
  • Prime Minister to launch Atma Nirbhar Uttar Pradesh Rojgar Abhiyan on 26 June

    4 days ago
    Prime Minister Narendra Modi is to launch Atma Nirbhar Abhiyan on 26 June 2020 through Video-Conference in presence of the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. Prime Minister will interact with villagers from six districts of Uttar Pradesh. 

    Highlights:
    ♦ Government of India (GoI) announced the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Package to stimulate various sectors. 
    ♦ Also, Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyan was launched on 20 June 2020 to generate employment with thrust towards creating infrastructure in backward regions of the country.
    ♦ In Uttar Pradesh, nearly 30 lakh migrant workers returned. 31 districts of Uttar Pradesh have more than 25,000 returnee migrant workers.
    ♦ By launching the abhiyan in UP, it is expected that it will provide employment, promote local entrepreneurship and create partnership with Industrial associations and other organizations to provide employment opportunities.
    ♦ For this, GoI & the UP State government has created partnerships with Industry and other organizations.
  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 25 June 2020

    4 days ago
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  • Top Current Affairs Quiz Questions: 25 June 2020

    4 days ago
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  • Union Minister Dharmendra Pradhan inaugurated Product Application and Development Centre at Paradip, Odisha

    4 days ago
    Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas & Steel Dharmendra Pradhan along with the Chief Minister of Odisha Shri Naveen Patnaik inaugurated a Product Application & Development Centre (PADC) at Paradip, through video conference on 25 June. It was set up by Indian Oil.

    PADC:
    ♦ PADC is setup by IndianOil at Paradip with a capex of Rs.43 crores, adjacent to its Refinery and Petrochemicals complex. 
    ♦ There are 4 laboratories in PADC namely Polymer Processing Lab, Analytical Testing Lab, Chemical Analysis Lab, and Characterisation Lab.
    ♦ The Technical centre is equipped with 50 latest sophisticated polymer testing and processing equipment to cater to the needs of customers and new investors.
    ♦ PADC, Paradip is recognized as a research centre by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), Ministry of Science & Technology, Govt of India.
    ♦ PADC will act as an incubation centre for new entrepreneur development in and around Odisha in the field of Plastics.
    ♦ The centre will render assistance to customers and investors in product and application development for polymer finished products such as molded furniture, houseware, woven sacks for packaging cement, fertilizer, healthcare applications like baby diaper, personal protective suit, mask, etc.
    ♦ The centre will carry out testing and developmental activities for investors of Paradeep Plastic Park and other clusters like Balasore and Khurda.
    Category: Indian Affairs
  • 爱乐透彩票Dr. Harsh Vardhan launched eBloodServices Mobile App

    4 days ago
    Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare Dr. Harsh Vardhan launched the ‘eBloodServices’ mobile App on 25 June 2020 through video conferencing. The app was developed by the Indian Red Cross Society (ICRS). The Union Health Minister is the Chairman of the Indian Red Cross Society.

    eBloodServices Mobile App:
    ♦ eBloodServices Mobile App is developed by the E-Raktkosh team of Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC) under the Digital India scheme launched by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi in 2015. 
    ♦ This Blood Donation App is a prime example of how the Digital India Scheme is serving the need for accessing blood services.
    ♦ Through this App, four units of blood can be requisitioned at a time and the blood bank will wait for as long as 12 hours for the person to collect it. 
    ♦ This app makes it easy for those in need to request for Blood units at IRCS NHQ.
    ♦ Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, the Mobile App will provide succor to all those who direly require blood.
    ♦ The NHQ Blood Bank conducted 55 blood donation camps collecting 2896 units of blood. A total of 5221 units were collected during the lockdown period. 
    Category: Indian Affairs
  • Cabinet approves declaration of Kushinagar Airport in Uttar Pradesh as an International Airport

    4 days ago
    Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the declaration of Kushinagar Airport in Uttar Pradesh as an International Airport.

    Kushinagar Airport:
    ♦ Kushinagar Airport is located in the vicinity of several Buddhist Cultural Sites like Sravasti, Kapilvastu, Lumbini.
    ♦ The declaration of Kushinagar Airport as an International Airport will offer improved connectivity, a wider choice of competitive costs to the air-travellers.
    ♦ The decision will result in boosting domestic/international tourism and economic development of the regions.  
    ♦ It will be an important strategic location with the international border close by.

    Note: Kushinagar is located in the north-eastern part of Uttar Pradesh about 50 km east of Gorakhpur. It is one of the important Buddhist pilgrimage sites.
    Category: Indian Affairs
  • Researchers finds new biomolecules to fight drug resistance in Kala-azar

    4 days ago
    Researchers at the Department of Biotechnology’s National Centre for Cell Science (DBT-NCCS) in Pune discovered new biomolecules to fight drug resistance in Kala-azar exploring ways to tackle miltefosine resistance. 

    Highlights:
    ♦ The researchers worked with one of the species of Leishmania that causes infection, called Leishmania major. The researchers manipulated the transporter proteins in the species in a manner that would result in increased uptake of the drug and decrease in its being thrown out of the parasite’s body.
    ♦ The researcher used a computational method to design small molecules, called peptides, that could very specifically interact with the transporter proteins of L. major alone, and not interfere with human proteins in any way. 
    ♦ The peptides were designed to modulate the transporter proteins “allosterically”, that is, by interacting with the protein molecule at a location other than the specific location where miltefosine binds to it.
    ♦ Teh outcomes of the research indicated that this approach could prove useful in the long run to develop novel therapeutics against drug-resistant Leishmania parasites.

    Background:
    Leishmaniasis is a tropical disease affecting almost 100 countries including India. It is caused by a parasite called Leishmania. It is transmitted through the bite of sandflies. There are three main forms of leishmaniasis are:
    visceral, which affects multiple organs and is the most serious form of the disease
    cutaneous causes skin sores and is the most common form
    mucocutaneous causes skin and mucosal lesion

    Visceral leishmaniasis is commonly known as Kala-azar in India. It is fatal in over 95% of the cases if left untreated. The only drug available against leishmaniasis is miltefosine. This drug is rapidly losing its effectiveness because of emerging resistance to this drug due to a decrease in its accumulation inside the parasite, which is necessary for the drug to kill the parasite.

    Specific types of protein molecules called transporter proteins to play a major role in carrying miltefosine into and out of the parasite’s body, which comprises a single cell. A protein called ‘P4ATPase-CDC50’ is responsible for the intake of the drug by the parasite, and another protein, called ‘P-glycoprotein’, is responsible for throwing this drug out from within the parasite’s body.
  • Make in India initiative in locust control trials of prototype vehicle mounted ULV sprayer successfully conducted

    5 days ago
    Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers’ Welfare (DAC&FW), under Make in India initiative indigenously develop a vehicle-mounted ULV sprayer for locust control to overcome the limitation of importing equipment. 

    Highlights:
    ♦ Mechanization and Technology Division of DAC&FW developed a prototype of the sprayer, through an Indian manufacturer. 
    ♦ The trials of the sprayer were successfully conducted in Ajmer and Bikaner district of Rajasthan.
    ♦ As the ground control vehicles with sprayers used for locust control can only spray up to a height of 25-30 feet the tractor-mounted sprayers were used. It reached to the inaccessible areas and tall trees.
    ♦ The deployment of drones has enhanced another dimension in the capabilities of Locust Circle offices to ensure effective control over desert locust.
    ♦ Currently, vehicle-mounted sprayers were supplied by M/s Micron Sprayers, UK. GoI placed an order for 60 nos. of sprayers on the firm in February 2020.
  • 爱乐透彩票Top Current Affairs of the day: 24 June 2020

    5 days ago
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  • Top Current Affairs Quiz Questions: 24 June 2020

    5 days ago
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  • 爱乐透彩票Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic won the controversial Parliamentary election

    5 days ago
    Serbia's President Aleksandar Vucic won the controversial parliamentary election. The Serbian Progressive Party (SNS) won over 60% of the vote, which is around 190 seats in the 250-seat Serbian parliament. 

    Background:
    The general election was originally scheduled for 26 April 2020 but was postponed after a state of the emergency was declared to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic. The largest block of parties including the Serbian Radical Party (SRP), the Democratic Party, the Party of Freedom and Justice, The Doors (Dveri), the People’s Party, and the Let's not drown Belgrade movement boycotted the election. 

    About Siberian Parliament:
    Siberia Parliament is also known as the National Assembly of Siberia. It has a unicameral legislature. The PM of Siberia is elected and appointed by the 250 elected members of the National Assembly. The President of Siberia is also empowered to propose the name of an individual to the National Assembly for the post of the Prime Minister.
    Category: International
  • China to join the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty to regulate its arms sales

    5 days ago
    China announced that it has decided to join the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty (UN-ATT) to regulate its arms sales. The decision was made during a three-day meeting which was held from 18-20 June of the top lawmaking committee in China- Legislative Affairs Committee. 

    Highlights:
    ♦ China has always strictly controlled the export of military products.
    ♦ China's move to join the treaty is an important step towards the country's effort to enhance & maintain peace and stability across the globe and support multilateralism.
    ♦ Under this, China will export military products to sovereign countries and will not export military products to non-state actors. 

    Background:
    The move by China comes after the US announced to pull out of the ATT in 2019. US cited the reason was the treaty amounts to international gun control which is a threat to the USA's second amendment right to bear arms. In May 2020, the US announced its exit from the Open Skies Treaty (OST). 

    What is the Arms Trade Treaty?
    Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) promotes, regulates, and monitors the international sales and transfer of conventional arms as per the global standards. ATT regulates from small arms to battle tanks, combat aircraft and warships. UNGA adopted the treaty on 2 April 2013. ATT entered into force on 24 December 2014. As per the treaty, the UN member countries must keep records of international transfers of weapons. It also imposes the member states to prohibit cross-border shipments that could be used in human rights violations or attacks on civilians.
    Category: International
  • China launched last BeiDou Satellite System

    5 days ago
    China launched the satellite of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System 3 (BDS-3) from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in southwest China's Sichuan Province on 23 June 2020. 

    BDS-3 Satellite:
    ♦ BDS-3 Satellite was carried by a Long March-3B carrier rocket.
    ♦ It is the 30th BDS-3 satellite and also the 55th of the whole BeiDou satellite family.
    ♦ BDS-3 will offer its users services including high-precision positioning and short message communication. It will bring new highlights to global navigation satellite systems.
    ♦ The final BDS satellite weighs over 10,000 pounds. It is the largest of its kind in the family.
    ♦ The satellite is filled with propellants for maneuvers in orbit.
    ♦ BDS-3 family will allow the constellation to provide more cost-effective navigation services.
    ♦ BDS-3 is constructed with 24 satellites in medium-Earth orbits (MEO), three in inclined geosynchronous satellite orbits, and three in geostationary orbits. The satellite is scheduled to provide services worldwide.
    ♦ The launch of the satellite marked the completion of China's domestically developed BeiDou constellation, one of four global navigation networks alongside the United States' GPS, Russia's GLObal NAvigation Satellite System (GLONASS) and the European Union's (EU's) Galileo.
    Category: International
  • PM CARES allocates Rs.2000 crore to fight COVID-19 pandemic

    5 days ago
    Prime Minister's Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations Fund (PM CARES Fund) Trust has allocated Rs.2000 crore for supply of 50000 Made-in-India ventilators to government-run COVID-19 hospitals in all States/Union Territories (UT). Further, a sum of Rs. 1000 crore has been allocated for the welfare of migrant labourers.  

    Highlights:
    ♦ Out of the 50000 Made-in-India ventilators, 30000 ventilators is manufactured by M/s Bharat Electronics Limited.  
    ♦ The other 20000 ventilators will be manufactured by AgVa Healthcare (10000), AMTZ Basic (5650), AMTZ High End (4000), and Allied Medical (350).
    ♦ Until now, 2923 ventilators have been manufactured. Out of the newly manufactured ventilators, 1340 ventilators have already been delivered to the States/UTs.  
    ♦ The ventilators were distributed to states including Maharashtra (275), Delhi (275), Gujarat (175), Bihar (100), Karnataka (90), Rajasthan (75). 
    ♦ It is expected that by the end of June 2020, additional 14,000 ventilators will be delivered to all States/UTs.

    Other measures:
    Also, PM CARES Fund trust has provided a sum of Rs.1000 crore to States/UTs for the welfare of the migrant labourers. The distribution of the fund is based on the formula of 50% weightage for the population as per the 2011 census, 40% weightage for the number of positive COVID-19 cases & the remaining 10% for equal distribution among all the States/UTs.  This assistance was used to arranged accommodation, food, medical treatment, and transportation of the migrants in the respective states. 
    The main recipients of the grant are:
    • Maharashtra with Rs.181 crore
    • Uttar Pradesh with Rs.103 crore
    • Tamil Nadu with Rs.83 crore
    • Gujarat with Rs.66 crore
    • Delhi with Rs.55 crore
    • West Bengal with Rs.53 crore
    • Bihar with Rs.51 crore
    • Madhya Pradesh with Rs.50 crore
    • Rajasthan with Rs.50 crore
    • Karnataka with Rs.34 crore
    Category: Indian Affairs
  • International Widows Day is observed on 23 June

    6 days ago
    International Widows' Day is observed on 23 June. A million of widows across the globe live in poverty, and without any substantial support. Widows, and people dependent on them, face extreme poverty, a lot of injustice, among other societal. The day aims to address the issue that widows and their children face in several countries. 

    Background:
    The United Nations passed the resolution A/RES/65/189 and observe International Widows' Day since 2011. The aim is to draw attention to the voices and experiences of widows and to galvanize the unique support that they need. Th day provides an opportunity to take action towards achieving full rights and recognition for widows. 

    It aims to provide them with information on access to:
    • a fair share of the inheritance, productive resources and land
    • social protection & pension that is not based on marital status alone
    • equal pay & decent work
    • education & training opportunities
    The day was initiated to empower widows to support themselves and their families also mean addressing social stigmas that create exclusion, and discriminatory or harmful practices. The day urges all the governments to take necessary action to uphold their commitments to ensure the rights of widows as enshrined in international law, including the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 23 June 2020

    6 days ago
    Top Current Affairs of the day: 23 June 2020. Instantly obtain Latest Current Affairs with all essential info, Be the first to know all the Today Current affairs 13 June 2020 top news, Major Issues, Current News, Important events in National Current News as well as International level with clear explanation. For all competitive exams and Interviews, equip yourself with the Latest Current Affairs 23 June 2020 granted here.
  • Top Current Affairs Quiz Questions: 23 June 2020

    6 days ago
    23 June 2020: Current Affairs quiz Questions & Answers to enhance your General Awareness. Practice with our esteemed Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions which covers all important events across India as well as World. Make use of all important Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions with answers updated here, at free of cost to succeed in all competitive Exams and Interviews.
  • India became 12th largest holder of US govt securities at April

    6 days ago
    India became the 12th largest holder of the United States government securities at the end of April. As per the official data, India held securities worth 157.4 billion dollars. 

    Highlights:
    ♦ The US Treasury Department data stated showed that after March India marginally hiked the holding by 0.9 billion dollars to 157.4 billion dollars the next month.
    ♦ India's holding touched a record high of 177.5 billion dollars in February, the same was drastically reduced in March. It stood at 164.3 billion dollars in January. 
    ♦ As per the report, at the end of April, Japan remained the country with the maximum exposure at 1.27 trillion dollars. It is followed by China at 1.1 trillion dollars and the UK at 368.5 billion dollars.
    ♦ In India, the American government securities are held by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) as the Central Banks invests in foreign assets as part of its prudential liquidity management.

    Top 10 countries:
    1. Japan
    2. with 1.27 trillion dollars
    3. China with 1.1 trillion dollars
    4. The UK with 368.5 billion dollars
    5. Ireland with $300.2 billion
    6. Luxembourg with $265.5 billion
    7. Brazil with $259.5 billion
    8. Hong Kong with $242.8 billion
    9. Switzerland with $241.3 billion
    10. Belgium with $210.2 billion
    11. The Cayman Islands with $206.8 billion
    Category: Index / List
  • Ciplas antiviral drug Cipremi to be used to treat COVID-19 infection

    6 days ago
    Cipla Ltd has announced the launch of its generic version of antiviral drug Remdesivir for emergency use in the treatment of the COVID-19 patients. The new drug will be sold under the brand name Cipremi. Cipla’s antiviral drug Cipremi will join Glenmark’s Fabiflu and Hetero’s Covifor to treat the COVID-19 patients in India.

    Highlights:
    ♦ Cipla was granted regulatory approval by the Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) for restricted emergency use in the country in order to accelerate the approval process considering the urgent medical need with a surge in COVID-19 cases in India, which have crossed the 4,00,000-mark.
    ♦ The price of the drug is yet to be announced by Cipla.
    ♦ Cipla will provide training on the use of the drug, inform patients for consent documents, conduct post-marketing surveillance as well as to conduct a Phase-IV clinical trial on Indian patients.
    ♦ Remdesivir is the only USFDA approved Emergency Use Authorisation (EUA) treatment for adults and children hospitalized with suspected or laboratory-confirmed coronavirus infection.

    Background:
    Recently, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare included the use of antiviral drug Remdesivir as part of “investigational therapy” in India. The drug will be used only for restricted emergency-use in its updated Clinical Management Protocol for COVID-19 patients. The Ministry of Health also approved the off-label application of immunomodulator tocilizumab and convalescent plasma therapy for treating coronavirus patients in a moderate stage of criticality.
  • 爱乐透彩票International Olympic Day is observed on 23 June

    6 days ago
    International Olympic Day is observed on 23 June. The day is celebrated by people across the world. On 23 June 2020, the Olympic Movement is to celebrate Olympic Day by creating the world’s largest 24 hours digital-first Olympic. The 2020 edition is the first to be celebrated virtually. The day is celebrated to ensure that people can all still #StayActive in the safest way possible despite restrictions because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Olympic Day History:
    The beginning of Olympic dates back to 1947. Doctor Josef Gruss, a Czech IOC member, presented the idea of the observation of the World Olympic Day at the 41st Session of the International Olympic Committee in Stockholm in 1947. He proposed a day be set aside to celebrate everything that the Olympics stands for.

    It got approved at the 42nd IOC Session in St Moritz in January 1948. The National Olympic Committees were given the charge to organize International Olympic Day. The date, 23 June, was chosen to celebrate the special moment in the history of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), which was established at the Sorbonne, Paris, on 23 June 1894, where Pierre de Coubertin rallied the revival of the Olympic Games.
    Category: Important Days
  • NITI Aayog, ITF to launch Decarbonising Transport

    6 days ago
    NITI Aayog in collaboration with International Transport Forum (ITF) is to launch the “Decarbonising Transport in India” project on 24 June. The project intends to develop a pathway towards a low-carbon transport system for India. The project will be launched by ITF Secretary-General Young Tae Kim and NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant.

    Decarbonising Transport in India:
    ♦ The project will inform the transport and climate stakeholders in India about planned project activities. 
    ♦ The project will provide an opportunity to provide inputs regarding India’s transport challenges and how it can be related to CO2 reduction ambitions. The discussion will help to focus the project further on India’s specific needs and circumstances.
    ♦ Decarbonising Transport in India project will design a tailor-made transport emissions assessment framework for India. 
    ♦ It will provide the government with a detailed understanding of current & future transport activity and the related CO2 emissions as a basis for their decision-making.
    ♦ The project is carried out in the wider context of the International Transport Forum’s “Decarbonising Transport” initiative. 
    ♦ This project is a part of the Decarbonising Transport in Emerging Economies (DTEE) family of projects, which supports transport decarbonisation across different world regions. 
    ♦ The launch ceremony will be available on YouTube Livestream at http://youtu.be/l2G5x5RdBUM
  • Solstice ring of fire solar eclipse on 21 June

    9 days ago
    The first solar eclipse of 2020 is to take place on the summer solstice, which is the longest day in the Northern Hemisphere. It will be a rare celestial event, annular solar eclipse, popularly called the ring of fire eclipse will be visible on 21 June 2020. 
    In India, people living along the path annular eclipse passing through Anupgarh, Suratgarh, Sirsa, Jakhal, Kurukshetra, Yamunanagar, Dehradun, Tapowan and Joshimath will be able to see the annular phase, while the people in rest of India will witness a partial eclipse.

    Solar Eclipse:
    When Moon comes between the Sun and Earth, the shadow falls on the surface of the Earth. The Sun is entirely covered by the Moon for a brief period. Those places that are engulfed by the dark, dense umbral shadow of the Moon experience the total solar eclipse. In the regions that plunge into the soft diffused penumbral shadow of the Moon experience the partial eclipse. In all solar eclipse the Sun, Moon, and Earth may not be perfectly aligned, and then we only have a partial eclipse. When the three celestial bodies happen to be in a straight line, Total solar eclipse happens.
  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 20 June 2020

    9 days ago
    Top Current Affairs of the day: 20 June 2020. Instantly obtain Latest Current Affairs with all essential info, Be the first to know all the Today Current affairs 13 June 2020 top news, Major Issues, Current News, Important events in National Current News as well as International level with clear explanation. For all competitive exams and Interviews, equip yourself with the Latest Current Affairs 20 June 2020 granted here.
  • Top Current Affairs Quiz Questions: 20 June 2020

    9 days ago
    20 June 2020: Current Affairs quiz Questions & Answers to enhance your General Awareness. Practice with our esteemed Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions which covers all important events across India as well as World. Make use of all important Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions with answers updated here, at free of cost to succeed in all competitive Exams and Interviews.
  • India to lead Summit 2020 on 21st, 22nd July

    9 days ago
    The 45th annual meeting of the United States India Business Council (USIBC) will be marked with the 2020 India Ideas Summit. India will virtually host the event on 21st and 22nd July. 

    USIBC:
    ♦ Different sessions will be organized, with each session focusing on a particular issue related to India.
    ♦ The summit will showcase the importance of the positive outcome of the India-US economic partnership and the overall bilateral relationship between the two nations.
    ♦ USIBC summit is an outcome of the joint efforts of the United States Chambers of Commerce and USIBC.
  • International Day of Yoga 2020 is celebrated on 21 June

    9 days ago
    International Day of Yoga 2020 is celebrated on 21 June every year to create awareness globally about the benefits of practicing yoga. The aim is to improve health and create awareness about the importance of maintaining health to the people. WHO aims to fulfill the Global Action Plan on Physical Activity 2018–2030: More active people for a healthier world.

    Theme:
    The theme of the 6th International Day of Yoga 2020 is “Yoga at Home and Yoga with Family”. Due to COVID-19, this year International Day of Yoga will be celebrated virtually at 7 am on June 21 so people will join through digital platforms. 

    History:
    The idea of International Day of Yoga was proposed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in 2014. PM Narendra Modi also suggested 21st June as International Yoga Day because 21st June is the longest day in the Northern Hemisphere and has much significance in different parts of the world. On 11 December 2014, UNGA proclaimed 21 June as the International Day of Yoga by passing resolution 69/131.
    Category: Important Days
  • PM Narendra Modi launched Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan on 20 June

    9 days ago
    PM Narendra Modi launched Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan on 20 June. The scheme is to empower and provide livelihood opportunities in areas/ villages that witness a large number of returnee migrant workers affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The campaign was flagged off by the PM from village Telihar, Block Beldaur, district Khagaria, Bihar through Video-Conference. PM announced that an amount of Rs.50,000 crores will be spent for building durable rural infrastructure under the Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan.

    Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan:
    ♦ Under Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan, a campaign of 125 days will work in mission mode. 
    ♦ The mission is coordinated by 12 different Ministries/Departments, including Panchayati Raj, Road Transport & Highways, Mines, Rural Development, Drinking Water & Sanitation, Environment, Railways, Petroleum & Natural Gas, New & Renewable Energy, Border Roads, Telecom and Agriculture.
    ♦ A total of 116 districts will be undertaken by Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan. The districts are:
    1. Bihar - 32 districts
    2. Uttar Pradesh - 31 districts
    3. Madhya Pradesh - 24 districts
    4. Rajasthan - 22 districts
    5. Odisha - 4 districts
    6. Jharkhand - 3 districts
    ♦ The list of 25 works and activities that are targeted to be taken up are:
    1. Construction of Community sanitation centre (CSC)
    2. Construction of cattle sheds
    3. Construction of Gram Panchayat Bhawan
    4. Construction of poultry sheds
    5. Works under 14th FC funds
    6. Construction of Goat Shed
    7. Construction of National Highway works
    8. Construction of Vermicompost structures
    9. Water conservation & Harvesting works
    10. Railway
    11. Construction of Wells
    12. RURBAN
    13. Plantation works
    14. PM Kusum
    15. Horticulture
    16. Bharat Net
    17. Construction of Anganwadi Centers
    18. CAMPA plantation
    19. Construction of rural housing works
    20. PM Urja Ganga Project
    21. Rural connectivity works
    22. KVK training for Livelihoods
    23. Solid and liquid waste management works
    24. District Mineral Foundation Trust (DMFT) works
    25. Construction of farm ponds
    ♦ The initiative will provide livelihood opportunity to returning migrants and similarly affected rural citizens
    ♦ Saturate villages with public infrastructure and create livelihood opportunities viz. Roads, Housing, Anganwadis, Panchayat Bhavans, various livelihood assets, and Community Complexes among others.
    Category: Schemes
  • AIM partners with CIL to boost its Innovation and Entrepreneurship initiatives

    9 days ago
    Coal India Limited (CIL) has agreed to partner with Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog to support proactively the flagship mission's innovation and entrepreneurship initiatives across the country. A strategic Statement of Intent (SoI) partnership between AIM and Coal India Limited was signed and exchanged in a virtual e-summit for the 19 June.

    Highlights:
    ♦ AIM has various innovation programs and entrepreneurial ecosystem building initiatives such as:
    • Atal Tinkering Labs (ATL) at a school level
    • Atal Incubation Centres (AIC) at institutional levels
    • Atal Community Innovation Centres (ACIC) for Tier-2, Tier3 cities, and rural India
    • Atal New India Challenges (ANIC) at an industry level
    ♦ Applied Research and Innovation (ARISE) for stimulating innovations in the MSME industry
    ♦ The partnership intends to conduct various activities/programs to support greater awareness and promotion of the innovation ecosystem through the above-mentioned AIM programmes and newer initiatives.
    Category: Agreements MoU
  • IIT-Guwahati develops affordable diagnostic kits for COVID-19 pandemic

    10 days ago
    The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati in association with RR Animal Healthcare Ltd and Guwahati Medical College and Hospital (GMCH) developed low-cost diagnostic kits. These are Viral Transport Media (VTM) kits, RT-PCR kits, and RNA isolation kits.

    VTM kits:
    ♦ The VTM kits are used to collect nasal and oral swab specimens from an individual source to a laboratory safely for culture and testing.
    ♦ During this period, the virus in the sample specimens will remain intact until the testing procedure is completed. 
    ♦ The kit consists of a comprehensive solution specially formulated for the collection and transport of SARS-CoV-2.
    ♦ These kits comprise two transport media, one for nasopharyngeal and the other for oropharyngeal specimen collection swabs. 
    ♦ Both of these are safe to use as they are recommended and validated by the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as well. 
    ♦ The complete package of the VTM Kits will be suitable for the collection, transport, maintenance, and long-term freezer storage of viral specimens. 
    ♦ The unique formulation of the transport medium will help to preserve the viability of viruses for up to 72 hours, at refrigerated temperatures.
    ♦ These sterile VTM kits comply with the CDC-recommended configurations for viral specimen collection for COVID-19 and are packed in user-friendly individual packs.
  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 19 June 2020

    10 days ago
    Top Current Affairs of the day: 19 June 2020. Instantly obtain Latest Current Affairs with all essential info, Be the first to know all the Today Current affairs 13 June 2020 top news, Major Issues, Current News, Important events in National Current News as well as International level with clear explanation. For all competitive exams and Interviews, equip yourself with the Latest Current Affairs 19 June 2020 granted here.
  • Top Current Affairs Quiz Questions: 19 June 2020

    10 days ago
    19 June 2020: Current Affairs quiz Questions & Answers to enhance your General Awareness. Practice with our esteemed Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions which covers all important events across India as well as World. Make use of all important Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions with answers updated here, at free of cost to succeed in all competitive Exams and Interviews.
  • PM addressed at Birth Centenary celebrations of Acharya Mahapragya

    10 days ago
    Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the birth centenary celebrations of Acharya Shri Mahapragya. The celebrations marked the birth centenary of the Jain spiritual leader Jain Acharya Mahapragya.

    Acharya Mahapragya:
    Acharya Mahapragya was the tenth head of the Svetambar Terapanth order of Jainism. He was born 14 June 1920 at Tamkor, Rajasthan, India. Mahapragya was a yogi, saint, spiritual leader, philosopher, author, orator, and poet. He died on 9 May 2010. Mahapragya had written over 300 books in Sanskrit, Hindi, Gujarat, and English. He has co-authored a book with the former president late A P J Abdul Kalam.
    Category: Indian Affairs
  • International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict is observed on 19 June

    10 days ago
    International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict is observed on 19 June. The day aims to create awareness of the need to put an end to conflict-related sexual violence.

    Conflict-related sexual violence
    Conflict-related sexual violence refers to sexual slavery, forced prostitution, rape, forced pregnancy or abortion, enforced sterilization, and forced marriage. It also includes any other form of sexual violence committed against women, men, girls, or boys that is directly or indirectly linked to a conflict. It includes trafficking in persons when committed in situations of conflict for the purpose of sexual violence or exploitation.

    Background:
    On 19 June 2015, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution A/RES/69/293 and proclaimed 19 June as the International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict. The day aims to raise awareness about conflict-related sexual violence and honour the victims and survivors of sexual violence around the world. The day also aims to pay tribute to all those who have courageously devoted their lives to and lost their lives in standing up for the eradication of these crimes.
  • CSIR-CDRIs candidate drug Umifenovir secures DCGI approval for Phase III Clinical Trial against COVID-19 disease

    10 days ago
    CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI) Lucknow received permission to carry out Phase III randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled trial of efficacy, safety, and tolerability of antiviral drugs Umifenovir. The Phase III Clinical Trials will be carried out at King George's Medical University (KGMU), Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences (RMLIMS), and ERA's Lucknow Medical College & Hospital, Lucknow.

    Umifenovir Clinical Trial:
    ♦ Umifenovir drug has a good safety profile. It prevents the entry of the virus into human cells and also by priming the immune system. 
    ♦ Umifenovir is used to treat influenza.
    ♦ The drug is available in China and Russia. The drug has recently come into prominence due to its potential use for COVID-19 patients. 
    ♦ CSIR-CDRI is to conduct a clinical trial to evaluate its efficacy in Indian patients. 
    ♦ CSIR-CDRI developed the process technology for Umifenovir in record time. It has also licensed the economical process technology for manufacturing and marketing the drug to M/s. Medizest Pharmaceuticals Private Ltd. Goa, who have already received a test license from Drug Controller General of India (DCGI).
    ♦ The clinical trial was successful and Umifenovir can be a safe, efficacious, affordable drug against COVID-19 and can be part of the National Program against COVID-19.
    ♦ The clinical trial application was processed on high priority as per the DCGIs initiative against COVID-19. 
    ♦ The next steps of the trial are being fast-tracked to enable the availability of the drug to Indian patients as soon as possible.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi to launch Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan on 20 June

    10 days ago
    Prime Minister Narendra Modi will launch Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan on 20 June 2020 from Beldaur of Khagaria District of Bihar. A curtain raiser Press Conference was held on the Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan on 18 June.

    Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan:
    ♦ Under Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan, a campaign of 125 days will work in mission mode. 
    ♦ The campaign will focus to implement 25 different types of works to provide employment to migrant workers. It will also create infrastructure in the rural regions of the country on the other hand, with a resource envelope of Rs.50,000 crore.
    ♦ The mission is a coordinated effort between 12 different Ministries/Departments, including Panchayati Raj, Road Transport & Highways, Mines, Rural Development, Drinking Water & Sanitation, Environment, Railways, Petroleum & Natural Gas, New & Renewable Energy, Border Roads, Telecom and Agriculture.
    ♦ The move aims to provide employment for everyone who needs it and the money allotted to all these works will be pooled together and frontloaded for completion of asset creation within 125 days.
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